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Tokyo is the capital and most populous prefecture in Japan. Its official name is the Tokyo Metropolis (/tokio/;Japanese:, Tky, [tokjo] i).With an estimated 37.468 million inhabitants as of 2018 (although this number has been gradually declining since then), Tokyo's metropolitan area (including neighboring prefectures, 13,452 square kilometers or 5,194 square miles) is the most populous in the world. The prefecture itself has a population of 14.09 million people, while the prefecture's central 23 special wards have a population of 9.73 million.The prefecture, which is part of the Kant region on the central coast of Honshu, Japan's largest island, is situated at the head of Tokyo Bay. Tokyo is the capital of Japan, the seat of the Japanese government, and its economic hub.

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The original name of Tokyo was Edo, and it was located in the former Musashi Province. The Edo clan fortified Edo for the first time in the late twelfth century. Ta Dkan erected Edo Castle in 1457. Tokugawa Ieyasu relocated to the Kant area in 1590 from Mikawa Province, where he had lived all of his life. Edo became the focal point of his rule after he was appointed shgun in 1603. The Edo period that followed saw Edo develop into one of the world's largest cities, with a population exceeding a million by the 18th century.

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The Tokugawa shogunate continued to reside in Edo, which was not the nation's capital at the time (the Emperor himself remained in Kyoto nearly constantly from 794 to 1868). [23] During the Edo period, the city experienced a protracted period of peace known as the Pax Tokugawa. Because of this peace, the shogunate implemented a strict policy of seclusion that contributed to the city's continued lack of significant military danger. [24] The absence of war-related destruction allowed Edo to focus its resources primarily on rebuilding after the city's frequent fires, earthquakes, and other catastrophic natural catastrophes. However, this protracted era of isolation came to an end when American Commodore Matthew C. Perry arrived in1853. The ports of Shimoda and Hakodate were compelled to open by Commodore Perry, which increased demand for fresh imports and thus sharply increased inflation.As a result of the increasing costs, there was an increase in social unrest that culminated in numerous uprisings and protests, particularly the "smashing" of rice businesses.The last Tokugawa shgun, Yoshinobu, was overthrown in 1867 by the Emperor's followers, who used the upheaval that these broad rebellions were producing to further solidify their hold on power. The Pax Tokugawa expired after 265 years.


Edo was renamed Tokyo (Eastern Capital) on 3 September 1868, as the new government was merging its power after the fall of the Edo shogunate. The youthful Sovereign Meiji visited once toward the finish of that year and ultimately moved in 1869. Tokyo was at that point the country's political focus, and the ruler's home made it a true magnificent capital too, with the previous Edo Palace turning into the Supreme Castle. The city of Tokyo was authoritatively settled on 1 May 1889.

The Tokyo Metro Ginza Line segment among Ueno and Asakusa was the principal tram line worked in Japan and East Asia finished on 30 December 1927. Focal Tokyo, similar to Osaka, has been planned since around 1900 to be focused on significant railroad stations in a high-thickness style, so rural rail routes were constructed moderately efficiently at road level and with their own option to proceed. However freeways have been underlying Tokyo, the fundamental plan has not changed.[citation needed]

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Tokyo proceeded to experience two significant calamities in the twentieth hundred years: the 1923 Extraordinary Kantō quake, which left 140,000 dead or missing; and The Second Great War.


To create the "Metropolitan Prefecture" of Tokyo, the city of Tokyo and the prefecture of Tokyo combined in 1943. Since that time, what was formerly known as Tokyo City was administered by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government, which also acted as the prefecture government for Tokyo. The majority of the city was completely destroyed during World War II as a result of the ongoing Allied air strikes on Japan and the use of incendiary bombs. Between 75,000 and 200,000 citizens are thought to have died in the bombing of Tokyo in 1944 and 1945, and more than half of the city was destroyed.

On March 9–10, 1945, the night of the American "Operation Meetinghouse" raid , which dropped approximately 700,000 incendiary bombs on the eastern half of the city, mostly in densely populated wards, was the deadliest night of the war. Over 276,000 structures were destroyed, two-fifths of the city was entirely in flames, 100,000 people perished, and 110,000 more were hurt. The population of the capital city of Japan decreased from 6,700,000 to fewer than 2,800,000 between 1940 and 1945, with the majority of people who lost their homes residing in "ramshackle, makeshift huts.


After the war, Tokyo served as the American government's headquarters when Douglas MacArthur led Japan for six years. As occupation authorities stepped in and dramatically scaled back on Japanese government rebuilding efforts, focused mostly on enhancing roads and transportation, Tokyo struggled to recover. Tokyo's economy did not expand quickly until the 1950s.

The Yoyogi National Gymnasium and the 0 Series Shinkansen, the first bullet train of its kind in the world, were among the Tokyo landmarks that were presented to the world at the 1964 Summer Olympics after the occupation of Japan ended in 1952. The 1970s and 1980s saw the emergence of new high-rise structures. Sunshine 60 and Narita International Airport were built in 1978, and the population of the metropolitan area rose to roughly 11 million people. Sunshine 60 was the tallest skyscraper in Asia until 1985 and in Japan until 1991. The pre-war Tokyo metropolitan environment's prehistoric Japanese buildings can be seen in the Edo-Tokyo Open Air Architectural Museum.


As more and more people flocked to the area, Tokyo's subway and commuter rail networks grew to be among the busiest in the world . A real estate and loan bubble in the 1980s caused real estate prices to soar. Early in the 1990s, the bubble burst, leaving many businesses, banks, and people with mortgage-backed obligations as real estate's value dropped. Following a severe recession, the 1990s became known as Japan's "Lost Decade from which it is currently slowly emerging.

On substantial parcels of less lucrative land, Tokyo continues to witness new urban expansions. Ebisu Garden Place, Tennzu Isle, Shiodome, Roppongi Hills, Shinagawa (Shinagawa Station, a significant Shinkansen station), and the Marunouchi side of Tokyo Station are examples of recent constructions. Significant structures have been removed to make room for more modern shopping centers like Omotesando Hills.

Tokyo has also been engaged in land reclamation initiatives for millennia. The most notable is the Odaiba area, which is now a significant hub for retail and entertainment. To slow down Tokyo's rapid expansion and boost the nation's economically stagnant regions, a number of initiatives have been put forth to move national government services from Tokyo to secondary capitals in other parts of the country. These proposals have not yet been carried out and have caused controversy in Japan.

Tokyo saw the effects of the 2011 Thoku earthquake and tsunami, which damaged a large portion of Honshu's northeastern shore. However, compared to locations that were directly impacted by the tsunami, Tokyo's damage was fairly low due to its earthquake-resistant infrastructure, even if activity in the city was largely halted . Tokyo has also been mostly unscathed by the tsunami's subsequent nuclear disaster, despite brief radiation surges.

Tokyo was chosen by the IOC to host the 2020 Summer Olympics on September 7, 2013. As a result, Tokyo became the first Asian city to twice hold the Olympic Games. The COVID-19 pandemic, however, meant that the 2020 Olympic Games were held from July 23, 2021, to August 8, 2021. Additionally, it is unknown how the city will handle a growing number of difficulties, which compels academics to suggest potential alternate strategies to address the most pressing challenges. The COVID-19 pandemic in Tokyo has slowed the expansion of several sectors, although the Japanese real estate market has not yet been adversely affected. For foreign investors worldwide, Japanese real estate has emerged as one of the safest investment options.

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How expensive is Tokyo?

In conclusion, the price of a six-day, five-night trip to Tokyo might vary from $1,690 to $3,760, depending on a number of variables, such as the type of lodging, available activities, and food alternatives. However, being adaptable and making plans in advance can help save money and lower the cost of the trip.

Is Tokyo the largest city in the world?

With a population of more than 37 million, it is the largest metropolis in the entire globe. a location where deeply ingrained tradition and cutting-edge modernity coexist side by side. Tokyo is one of the few places that can successfully combine the fast-paced modern world with the slower pace of bygone eras.

Is it expensive to live in Tokyo?

One of the priciest cities in the world is Tokyo. The cost of living in Tokyo can, however, change depending on your lifestyle, housing preferences, and personal preferences.

Do they speak English in Tokyo?

As I mentioned, in large cities like Tokyo or popular tourist destinations like Kyoto, you'll typically have no issue finding someone who speaks English at restaurants, hotels, and public transportation.

Why is it called Tokyo?

In accordance with the East Asian tradition of including the word capital in the name of the capital city (for instance, Kyoto , Keij , and Beijing , the city's name was changed during the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to Tokyo , from t "east" and ky "capital.

Is Tokyo cheap for students?

Japan, a nation already renowned for its high cost of living, has the highest cost of living in Tokyo. For graduate students at UTokyo, the average monthly cost (tuition fees excluded) is JPY 190,457 for students living with family members and JPY 137,061 for single students.

Was Tokyo called Kyoto?

A fascinating truth. Although Edo had been changed to Tokyo, there was never a formal declaration that Kyoto's capital had been replaced by Tokyo. Because of this, Kyoto is occasionally referred to as Saikyo or the Western Capital. Kyoto and Tokyo are still considered to be the two capitals of Japan.

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